The island of the fishermenThe fishing settlement Holm
The Holm in Schleswig
A fishermen district with a history
Like many things at the Schlei, the name of the fishing settlement in Schleswig derives from the Danish language. The word "Holm" means "small island". The Holm developed around the year 1000 AD and was separated from the mainland by the Holmer Noor right up to the 20th century. All the houses were built directly at the sea to ensure optimal fish processing. Today, the Holm is a district of Schleswig and connected to the mainland. In the centre of the Holm there is a small cemetery with its own chapel, surrounded by the fishermen's houses.
In the past, this settlement was independent with special privileges and rights, mainly constituting fishing rights. Since 1480, only fishermen from the Holm settlement were allowed to catch fish on the Schlei between Schleswig and Arnis, which was a decision by King Christian I and it was noted in the Schleibrief (Schlei letter).
In 1650, after the Thirty Years' War, the guild "Holmer Beliebung" was founded on the initiative of the Holm's fishermen to help one another during wartime and during an outbreak of the plague. This "Holmer Beliebung" still exists today.